Asthma Patient’s Diet Plan – Food to Eat and Avoid (2023)

Are you frequently out of breath? Have coughing and wheezing reduced your quality of life? If you nodded positively, you might have asthma.

Asthma is a lung disease in which the airways in the lungs get bigger and then smaller, making it hard to breathe. Mucus production in the airways may also be excessive. Asthma and its flare-ups can have a negative impact on your lung health.

Continuous wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath can reduce your quality of life. Nevertheless, the condition varies widely amongst patients.

At the same time, inhalers and other traditional treatments can provide relief. But, unfortunately, you may become dependent on them and encounter adverse effects.

Asthma patients should learn to manage their diet and lifestyle for a better quality of life. You must avoid foods that trigger the symptoms and include foods that mitigate them.

A healthy diet can improve lung health, which can make a big difference and help you deal with your condition in a safe, natural, and effective way.

Asthma and Diet – What’s the Connection?

Asthma is a severe disease that affects children and adults and is surprisingly common. Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma and those who suffer from it experience persistent symptoms. These include chronic shortness of breath. Consequently, everyone, but especially people with long-term conditions like asthma, needs to eat well.

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If you do not receive enough nutrients, your body may be more prone to disease. As a result, you may have a more difficult time battling the respiratory infections that frequently trigger an asthma attack or severe asthma emergency.

Food plays a vital part in maintaining health. It is true for persons with asthma as well because food also has a role in allergies. Food allergies and intolerances develop when your immune system reacts abnormally to specific proteins in foods. In some situations, this can cause asthma symptoms. However, specific food limitations can help you manage your asthma and general health.

Foods and Asthma: What Does Research Say?

Some foods may be better than others for people with asthma for various reasons. For starters, let’s consider food high in nutrients. Fresh fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. According toresearch, they aid in removing free radicals from the body which helps to reduce inflammation and boost the immune system.

Plant-based diets that emphasise fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are also good for asthmatics. In addition, minimising dairy and high-fat meats can help prevent asthma and relieve its symptoms.

According to onestudy, a well-rounded, whole, nutrient-rich diet high in vegetables and fruits and low in items that trigger your asthma symptoms is the key to natural recovery. It can even assist you in maintaining healthy body weight.

According to anotherstudy, being overweight can increase asthma symptoms. Therefore, eating a balanced diet may be beneficial. This type of diet helps keep asthma flare-ups at bay. Furthermore, it also supports good lung health and meets all your nutritional needs. It manages your condition for your overall health.

Foods to Eat in an Asthma Diet

Fighting a chronic disease is exhausting and may necessitate several day-to-day modifications. Asthma patients should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as meals that are high in antioxidants, vitamins, and magnesium.

Fresh Fruits and Vegetablesin Asthma Diet

A healthy, well-balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables may lower the chance of acquiring asthma. Also, because they are low in calories, they promote a healthy weight. In addition, they include vital elements supporting lung function.

A recentstudyalso discovered links between a high intake of fruits and vegetables and reduced asthma symptoms such as wheezing.

Antioxidants such as beta-carotene and vitamins C and E are abundant in fruits and vegetables. People who eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, especially apples and oranges, are less likely to get asthma or wheeze.

According to onestudy, bananas may reduce the prevalence of wheezing in children. It is due to their antioxidant and potassium levels, which can improve lung function.

Broccoli, berries, leafy greens, melon, and avocados are vital fruits and vegetables to incorporate into your diet.

Magnesium-rich Foods in Asthma Diet

Low magnesium levels decrease lung flow and volume in children. Conversely, a magnesium-rich diet can assist in enhancing lung flow and volume.

According tostudies, evidence has emerged in recent years to support using magnesium supplements to reduce inflammation. They relax the bronchial muscle, allowing air to leave the lungs.

According to anotherresearch, inhaling magnesium (through a nebuliser) is another effective technique to treat asthma episodes.

One can consume magnesium-rich foods like:

  • Dark chocolates
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Spinach
  • Swiss chard
  • Salmon

Whole Grains in Asthma Diet

Consuming whole grains can aid in reducing asthma symptoms. According to onestudy, people who ate a balanced diet rich in whole grains had fewer asthma symptoms and better asthma management overall. Whole grain sources include:

  • Bread, crackers, or pasta made from whole wheat
  • Barley
  • Oatmeal
  • Rice (brown)
  • Buckwheat

Vitamin Din Asthma Diet

Getting adequate vitamin D may lower the incidence of asthma attacks in children. Vitamin D sources include the following:

  • Salmon
  • Milk and fortified milk.
  • Eggs
  • Fortified orange juice

If you are allergic to milk or eggs, you should avoid them as a source of vitamin D. Food allergies can cause asthma.

Vitamin E in Asthma Diet

Tocopherol, a molecule found in vitamin E, is a potent antioxidant. It can also help with asthma symptoms like wheezing and coughing. Good sources of vitamin E to include are:

  • Nuts
  • Mustard greens
  • Broccoli
  • Kale

Vitamin A in Asthma Diet

Astudydiscovered that children with asthma had lower levels of Vitamin A in their blood than children without asthma. Adults and children may benefit from Vitamin A, commonly known as carotenoids. Vitamin A can help fight oxidative stress and maintain a healthy immune system due to its potent antioxidant capabilities.

According toresearch, high dietary consumption of vitamin A-rich foods such as tomatoes, carrots, and leafy vegetables such as romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach can enhance lung function and minimise asthma attacks in adults with asthma.

Foods to Avoid in an Asthma Patient’s Diet

Some foods can cause asthma attacks. Avoid the following foods:

Gas-Inducing Foods

Eating large meals or foods that induce gas or bloating can pressurise your diaphragm. It makes breathing more difficult, especially if you have acid reflux. In addition, it can cause chest tightness and asthma flare-ups.

Among these foods are:

  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Carbonated beverages
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Fried foods


Sulfites, a preservative widely added to foods and beverages to improve their taste, appearance, or shelf life, may aggravate asthmatic symptoms.

They are present in the following:

  • Wine
  • Pickled foods, dried fruits
  • Maraschino cherries
  • Bottled lemon and lime juice
  • Shrimp

Fast Food

You must avoid fast food since it contains high quantities of saturated fat, additives, and sodium. It can increase health risks and worsen symptoms in people who have asthma.

According to onestudy, people who ate fast food more than twice a week were more likely to develop severe asthma and wheeze than people who ate fast food less than twice a week.


Although uncommon, certain asthmatics may be sensitive to salicylates in coffee, tea, herbs, and spices. Salicylates are naturally occurring chemical compounds. Onestudydiscovered that aspirin, which contains salicylate, aggravated asthma in some people.

The HealthifyMe Note

Although there is no specific diet to minimise or prevent asthma, many foods and beverages affect asthma symptoms. A diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed, oily, and fried meals can aid asthma management. On the other hand, some foods may increase symptoms for some people. The best strategy to properly manage your disease is to maintain a healthy weight and eat healthy food for a healthy you.

Sample 7 Days Asthma Diet Chart Plan

Sunday Diet Plan

MealFood ItemQuantity
BreakfastBoiled Veg. Salad (carrots, broccoli, spring onions, corn)1 cup
BreakfastOrange juice1 cup
Mid-MealPomegranate1/2 cup
LunchParboiled Rice1 cup
LunchVeg. curry1/2 cup
LunchDal soup1/2 cup
Lunch1/4 fresh lemon
EveningGreen Tea1 cup
DinnerMultigrain Chapati2
DinnerChicken Stew1/2 cup

MondayDiet Plan

MealFood ItemQuantity
BreakfastI am milk200 ml
Ripe Banana1
Grapes½ cup
LunchBrown Rice1 cup
Veg. Curry½ cup
Daal Soup½ cup
Yoghurt¼ cup
EveningGreen Tea1 cup
Veg. Curry½ cup

TuesdayDiet Plan

BreakfastOats1 Cup
Skimmed milk½ Cup
Mid MealTender coconut water1 Glass
LunchRice½ Cup
Broccoli curry1 Cup
Salad½ Cup
EveningHomemade Tomato Soup1 Cup
Round Gourd Curry½ Cup

WednesdayDiet Plan

MealFood ItemQuantity
BreakfastMix Veg Poha1 Cup
BreakfastHerbal Tea1 Cup
Mid MealPomegranate1 Cup
LunchMasoor Dal1 Cup
LunchSalad1/2 Cup
EveningSoaked Almonds4-5
DinnerCarrot Sabzi1 Cup

ThursdayDiet Plan

MealFood ItemQuantity
BreakfastI am milk200ml
Ripe Banana1
Grapes½ cup
LunchBrown rice1 cup
Veg. curry½ cup
Dal soup½ cup
Fresh lemon1/4th
EveningGreen Tea1 cup
Raisins5-6 Nos
Chicken stew½ cup

FridayDiet Plan

MealFood ItemQuantity
BreakfastVeg. Sandwich2
Orange Juice1 cup
Mid-MealPomegranate1/2 cup
LunchParboiled Rice1 cup
Chicken Curry1/2 cup
Daal Soup1/2 cup
EveningTomato Soup1 cup
Veg. Curry1/2 cup

Saturday Diet Plan

MealFood Item(s)Quantity
BreakfastTake Poha1 cup
Orange Juice1 cup
Mid MealSprouts1/2 cup
LunchBrown Rice1/2 cup
Bitter Gourd Sabzi1 cup
Yogurt1/2 cup
EveningHerbal Tea1 cup
Biscuits (Nutrichoice or Digestive)2-3 biscuits
Chicken Curry1 cup

Managing Asthma like a Pro

People with any kind of health problem need to watch what they eat and drink to stay healthy. Changing your diet can be intimidating. Allow yourself grace throughout the process and make little, steady changes. If you have asthma, realise that you are not alone.

For example, reach out to coaches at HealthifyMe. You can get suggestions, helpful information, and real-time nutritional recommendations from specialists.


Although a healthy, well-balanced diet will not cure asthma, it will improve your overall health. In addition, it may help minimise your symptoms and improve your lung function.

When tracking your asthma symptoms, evaluate everything that could have triggered the attack. Start noting the meals you ate before the episode if you have not already. Also, it assists you in determining potential lifestyle modifications to help you properly manage your disease. Always consult with your nutritionist before making significant dietary adjustments.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What foods trigger asthma?

A. This is a very subjective question. Your asthmatic triggers may be very different from those of another asthmatic. The following are some of the most common triggers: Tobacco, smoke, dust mites, polluted outdoor air, dogs, mould, cleaning and disinfection.

Q. What should asthmatics avoid?

A. If you have asthma, you should avoid meals that cause asthma symptoms—for example, gassy foods, sulfites, chemical preservatives, colourings, and flavourings. In addition, limit your consumption of beans, carbonated beverages, cabbage, garlic, fried meals, onions, and omega-6 fatty acids. These are in refined oils such as flaxseed, hempseed, and grapeseed oils, as well as raw sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, pine nuts, and pistachios.

Q. What drink is good for asthma?

A. Certain herbal teas may help reduce the symptoms of asthma. For example, ginger tea, green tea, black tea, eucalyptus tea, fennel tea, and liquorice tea may reduce inflammation, relax your respiratory muscles, and improve your breathing.

Q. Are eggs good for asthma?

A. Eggs do not directly benefit asthmatics but provide vitamin D, which may be protective. However, avoid eggs if you’re allergic to them as they aggravate asthma. Asthmatics should be aware that even a minor egg allergy or sensitivity might trigger an asthma attack.

Q. Can bananas treat asthma?

A. Bananas are believed to reduce wheezing in children and enhance lung function. In addition, it is beneficial to asthmatics due to its high antioxidant and potassium content.

Q. How can I fix my asthma naturally?

A. Try meditation and yoga, acupuncture and steam baths. Have balanced diets that include garlic and ginger, and Omega 3s foods.

Q. What are treatments for asthma?

A. The primary treatment is inhalers, devices that allow you to breathe in the medicine. However, if your asthma is severe, you may require medicines and other therapies. Inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs), long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs), combination inhalers, and theophylline are some more types of asthma treatments.

Asthma Patient’s Diet Plan – Food to Eat and Avoid (1)

This article was originally published Read theoriginal article here.


What is the best diet for asthma? ›

“Diets rich in fruits and vegetables, as well as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (particularly omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA]), and lower in added sugars and processed and red meats tend to be better for asthma management,” says Kelly Jones, RD, CSSD, owner of Kelly Jones Nutrition based in Newtown, ...

What should avoid in asthma? ›

Common Asthma Triggers
  • Tobacco Smoke.
  • Dust Mites.
  • Outdoor Air Pollution.
  • Pests (e.g., cockroaches, mice)
  • Pets.
  • Mold.
  • Cleaning and Disinfection.
  • Other Triggers.
Dec 12, 2022

What foods trigger asthma? ›

Sulfites, a type of preservative used in foods, can trigger asthma if you eat high amounts. High sulfite foods may include: Dried fruits and vegetables. Packaged potatoes.

What 3 foods can irritate the lungs? ›

Lung-Damaging Foods to Avoid
  • White Bread. Simple carbohydrates such as white bread should be avoided, as it takes more work for the lungs to metabolize them. ...
  • Potato Chips. Potato chips are filled with salt and saturated fat, two things that are detrimental to lung health. ...
  • Chocolate. ...
  • Beer. ...
  • Cold Cuts.

What drink is good for asthma? ›

Certain herbal teas may help relieve asthma symptoms. Research suggests that ginger tea, green tea, black tea, eucalyptus tea, fennel tea, and licorice tea may reduce inflammation, relax your respiratory muscles, and boost your breathing, among other benefits.

What food and drinks make asthma worse? ›

Foods To Avoid With Asthma
  • Eggs.
  • Cow's milk.
  • Peanuts.
  • Soy.
  • Wheat.
  • Fish.
  • Shrimp and other shellfish.
  • Tree nuts.
Aug 11, 2021

What are 2 habits that can make asthma worse? ›

"Any cleaning product with a strong odor, a perfume smell, or a chemical aerosol spray has the potential to irritate the airways and lead to inflammation and, ultimately, wheezing and coughing," says Gierer.

What are do's and don'ts for asthma patients? ›

Don't Stop Exercising.

Don't Open Windows during Summer and Autumn. During allergy seasons, prevent pollen from entering your home or car. Try to stay indoors when the pollen count is high (from about 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM). Avoid freshly cut grass.

What foods are good for breathing problems? ›

Foods that are rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids — such as broiled salmon or oatmeal sprinkled with flax seeds and walnuts — are not only delicious: They may also help those suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to breathe easier.

What foods cause breathing problems? ›

Foods that cause gas: Avoid foods that cause gas or bloating, which often make breathing more difficult. This may cause chest tightness and trigger asthma flare ups. Foods to avoid include: beans, carbonated drinks, onions, garlic and fried foods.

What are the 3 most common triggers for asthma? ›

The most common asthma triggers include allergies, air pollution and other airborne irritants, other health conditions including respiratory infections, exercise or physical activity, weather and air temperature, strong emotions, and some medicines. Asthma triggers vary from person to person.

Which fruit is best for lungs? ›

Good: Berries

Red and blue fruits like blueberries and strawberries are rich in a flavonoid called anthocyanin, which gives them their color and is also a strong antioxidant. Research suggests this pigment can slow down your lungs' natural decline as you age.

What drink is good for lungs? ›

Honey and warm water: The honey warm water drink is effectively great to help your lungs fight pollutants. This is so because honey has anti-inflammatory properties, which is effective in reducing inflammation.

What juice is good for lungs? ›

However, some top contenders include green juice (made from leafy greens like spinach, kale, and parsley), ginger juice, pomegranate juice, and pineapple juice. These juices provide a mix of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that can help protect lung cells, reduce inflammation, and improve overall lung function.

How do you calm asthma fast? ›

Tips for When You Don't Have an Inhaler
  1. Sit upright. This opens your airway. ...
  2. Slow down your breathing by taking long, deep breaths. Breathe in through your nose. ...
  3. Stay calm. ...
  4. Get away from the trigger. ...
  5. Drink a warm, caffeinated beverage, such as coffee or tea. ...
  6. Get medical help.

What can help asthma quickly? ›

Some quick-relief asthma medicines include:
  • Albuterol (ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA)
  • Levalbuterol (Xopenex HFA)
  • Metaproterenol.
  • Terbutaline.
Aug 1, 2022

What foods reduce inflammation asthma? ›

Foods That Can Help Asthma
  • Salmon. Salmon is a type of fatty fish that's popular for its high amount of omega-3 fatty acids. ...
  • Tomato juice. Believe it or not, your Bloody Mary is asthma-friendly. ...
  • Apples. ...
  • Bananas. ...
  • Leafy greens. ...
  • Sulfites. ...
  • Foods that cause gas. ...
  • Salicylates.
Apr 10, 2021

Is peanut butter bad for asthma? ›

Once you have experienced an asthma attack from a particular food or preservative, you must go on to ensure you don't knowingly eat anything with that ingredient. If it's a common food, like peanuts, you must avoid them and any food containing them, such as peanut butter and food cooked in peanut oil.

Can asthma patients eat ice cream? ›

Asthma should not use milk and dairy products

Some foods that you may be advised to use with caution when you have bronchial asthma are dairy. It is thought that dairy products like milk and ice cream aggravate asthma symptoms because they increase mucus production in the lungs.

What makes asthma worst? ›

An asthma trigger is a thing, activity or condition that makes asthma worse. When you encounter a trigger it can cause a sudden worsening of symptoms, often called an asthma attack, episode or flare-up. Common asthma triggers include respiratory infections, allergens, irritants, exercise and emotions.

How do you keep your lungs strong with asthma? ›

Exercise is important for overall health as well as lung health, and there are many benefits of physical activity for people living with asthma. Daily exercise helps to improve your lungs capacity, in other words, the maximum amount of oxygen your body can use.

What makes asthma worse in home? ›

Some of the most common indoor asthma triggers include environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke), dust mites, mold, cockroaches and other pests, and household pets.

What drinks help with breathing problems? ›

Certain drinks may be beneficial in managing asthma symptoms. For example, caffeinated drinks, fortified milk, and water may reduce airway constriction. However, sugary drinks and alcohol may make asthma symptoms worse. Some people may also find that certain foods reduce the symptoms of asthma.

What drink is good for shortness of breath? ›

Drink black coffee-Have a cup or two of black coffee. Caffeine can offer relief for shortness of breath by expanding airways and the heat aids in clearing mucus.

What is the best position to sleep in with breathing problems? ›

Experts typically recommend sleeping on the side as the best position for breathing problems like snoring and pauses in breathing caused by obstructive sleep apnea.

What increases shortness of breath? ›

What Causes Shortness of Breath? It is normal for things such as strenuous exercise, extreme temperature change, bad air quality, high altitude and obesity to make breathing difficult even for a healthy person.

What are 3 possible signs of difficulty breathing? ›

Symptoms of breathlessness can include:
  • difficulty catching your breath.
  • noisy breathing.
  • very fast, shallow breaths.
  • an increase in your pulse rate.
  • wheezing.
  • chest pain.
  • skin that looks pale and slightly blue, especially around your mouth.
  • cold, clammy skin.

How can I prevent asthma attacks at night? ›

Steps to help prevent nighttime asthma
  1. Clean your bedroom frequently. ...
  2. Use dust-proof pillow and mattress covers. ...
  3. Wash bed linens in hot water at least once a week. ...
  4. Keep pets in a different room. ...
  5. Avoid sleeping near strong odors. ...
  6. Keep your head elevated at night. ...
  7. Invest in an air purifier.
Sep 17, 2020

Can chicken trigger asthma? ›

It may cause permanent breathing problems. If you get backyard chickens, there are several things that you can do to prevent exposure to asthma triggers from chickens, including: Wear recommended respiratory protective equipment (e.g. N-95 face mask).

What season does asthma trigger most? ›

Fall and winter are generally the time when asthma flare ups happen most frequently. This is partially due to a rise in respiratory infections such as the common cold or flu, which spread more effectively in the large gatherings that happen during the holidays.

Can you strengthen your lungs with asthma? ›

Exercise is important for overall health as well as lung health, and there are many benefits of physical activity for people living with asthma. Daily exercise helps to improve your lungs capacity, in other words, the maximum amount of oxygen your body can use.

Is Coca Cola good for asthma? ›

Certain drinks may be beneficial in managing asthma symptoms. For example, caffeinated drinks, fortified milk, and water may reduce airway constriction. However, sugary drinks and alcohol may make asthma symptoms worse.

What is the fastest way to treat asthma? ›

Types of quick-relief medications include: Short-acting beta agonists. These inhaled, quick-relief bronchodilators act within minutes to rapidly ease symptoms during an asthma attack. They include albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others) and levalbuterol (Xopenex, Xopenex HFA).

Is Coffee good for asthmatics? ›

Caffeine appears to improve airways function modestly, for up to four hours, in people with asthma. People may need to avoid caffeine for at least four hours prior to lung function testing, as caffeine ingestion could cause misinterpretation of the results.

Do lungs heal after asthma? ›

Asthma is a chronic condition that can cause irreversible lung damage if it is difficult for a person to manage. There is currently no cure.

Does walking help asthma? ›

Biking- Going for a bike ride at a leisurely pace can greatly improve lung health. If it isn't possible to go bike riding outside, stationary bikes provide the same health benefits for asthma sufferers. Walking- Going for daily walks is great for the body and can help facilitate easier breathing.

What can I drink to cleanse my lungs? ›

Drink Green Tea

Cleaning your lungs may be as simple as sipping hot tea—green tea, specifically. Green tea is packed with inflammation-reducing antioxidants, and some research suggests that it may help protect lung tissue from the harmful impacts of smoke inhalation.

What drinks make asthma worse? ›

Alcoholic drinks most likely to trigger your asthma symptoms are wine (red, white, rose and sparkling), beer, and cider. This is because they often contain high levels of sulphites or histamine.


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